2023考研大纲复习:英语完型解题之十大逻辑关系解析_考研满分

2023考研大纲复习:英语完型解题之十大逻辑关系解析_考研满分

  众所周知,英语文章最重“逻辑”。逻辑关系题在完型中,每年必考,考查题目数为2至8道,不仅包含直接逻辑关系词的考查,还包含逻辑关系指导下的词义辨析题。

  并列关系:

  标志词:and;and also;or;neither nor;either or;not only…but(also)…;the former…the latter…;in the same way;that is tosay;similarly;like wise;equally;as well as,the same…as;
 
  递进关系:

  标志词:also;then;besides;in addition;additionally;further more;what is more;moreover;indeed;apartfrom;aboveall

  因果关系:

  标志词:because;for;since;as;therefore;consequently;hence;so;thus;so…that;such…that;accordingly;due to;thanks to;as a result;in that(=because);because of;considering that,seeing that;in response to;for this reason;

  转折关系:

  标志词:but、however、otherwise、never the less、yet、rather、though

  让步关系:

  标志词:although;though;even though;even;even if;despite;inspite of;while;as;

  Eg.While he loves his students,he is very strict with them.
 
  King as he was,he was not happy/Child as he is,he knows a lot.
 
  Hard though/as he tried,he failed.

  对比关系

  标志词while;where as;as;in stead of;rather than;not…but;

  总分关系

  标志词such as,for example,for instance,of(these,those,them);among(these,those,them),to illustrate,as an illustration,totakeanexample,mores pecifically speaking,namely.

  时间关系

  标志词when;whenever,before;after;since;as;while;until;till;simultaneously;meanwhile;in the meantime,at the same time;

  标志词总结:句子间的逻辑关系不仅在完型中极其重要,在阅读、写作中亦具重大意义。考生在复习真题时,应有意识地留意这些标志词,进而分析句子间的逻辑关系,了解英语文章行文逻辑,进而总结英语文章的总体结构特征。

2023考研大纲复习:英语完型解题之十大逻辑关系解析_考研满分

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